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Joint Treatment

There are dozens of joints in the human body, including those of the hands, wrists, elbows, shoulders, hips, knees, ankles, and feet. Each one can be subject to regular wear and tear, injury, arthritis, and other concerns. To address the comprehensive array of conditions, our experienced orthopaedists offer the latest non-surgical and surgical treatment options. During your initial consultation, one of our surgeons will evaluate your symptoms and recommend one or more methods to help relieve pain, improve mobility, and enhance your quality of life.

We welcome your questions. For more information about joint treatment or to schedule a consultation with one of our orthopaedic surgeons, please contact us today.

Treatment Options

At the Orthopaedic Institute of Central Jersey, we recognize that minimally and non-invasive techniques can be highly effective. As a result, our physicians usually will advise conservative methods initially. Should these approaches prove unsuccessful, more advanced modalities may be recommended. Some of the joint treatments we utilize include:


This surgical technique is a method intended to bring a cellular healing response to full thickness cartilage defects caused by traumatic injury. Cartilage tissue has little ability to heal or regenerate. The microfracture technique forms small openings (vascular channels) in the underlying bone, allowing blood products and growth factors to fill in the cartilage defect. A fibrocartilage forms, which can diminish pain and swelling when successful. The new cartilage is not structurally the same as the original cartilage surface. This procedure is most commonly performed in the knee joint. It is performed arthroscopically as a same-day surgery. Not all cartilage injuries are alike, and your surgeon can decide if you are a candidate for microfracture surgery.


This is a non-surgical treatment for osteoarthritis involving an injection of a liquid medication into your knee joint. The normal fluid in the knee (synovial fluid) becomes thinner and more watery as we age. Viscosupplementation is a method that helps the knee produce a higher quality joint fluid, often improving pain and function. Although it is not a cure for arthritis, it can be helpful in patients with mild to moderate arthritis who are not candidates for, or would like to avoid, a knee replacement. Recently, several forms of this therapy have become available which only require a single injection, as opposed to the multiple injections that were needed in the past. Our physicians can provide this treatment for our patients who are experiencing symptoms of knee pain due to osteoarthritis.

For more information about joint treatments, or to if you would like to schedule a consultation, please contact our office today.